THE Health and Safety Executive (HSE) has found examples of good and bad manual-handling practices on UK construction sites following six weeks of inspections.
Over 1,000 inspections in October and November were undertaken, with checks made on how workers were moving heavy, bulky, and awkward-to-handle materials.
HSE said that ‘many’ examples of good practice were noted, including the use of mechanical equipment to handle large glazing panes, using small inexpensive air bags to help to position heavy doors when being installed, and the use of all-terrain pallet trucks to move blocks and brick-lifters to carry bricks around site.
But HSE inspectors also found ‘many’ examples of poor practice, including a worker lifting an 80kg kerb on his own without any assistance from machinery, lifting aids or colleagues, and a 110kg floor saw that had to be moved into and out of a work van by two operatives at a street works site, both of which resulted in enforcement action.
HSE added that working in construction is a physically demanding job and many construction workers suffer injuries to muscles, bones, joints and nerves that affect their health and ability to work.
HSE’s acting head of construction division, Mike Thomas, said, “Lifting and moving heavy, bulky and awkward-to-handle objects on construction sites is harming the health of thousands of construction workers to such a degree every aspect of their lives is affected. The 1,000 plus inspections just completed took place across a range of construction sites to check the action businesses are taking to ensure their workers’ health is being protected.
“We know from early analysis that HSE’s MAC Tool (Manual Handling Assessment Charts) was used by inspectors at a large number of inspections to improve duty holders’ understanding of the risks and inform enforcement decisions. A full evaluation of the inspection data is underway, and we will release more information in due course.”
HSE’s MAC Tool helps to assess the most common risk factors in lifting, carrying, and handling activities. It was developed to identify high-risk manual handling and points users towards the factors they need to modify to control these risks.
The law requires employers to prevent the ill health of their workers, which includes injuries to muscles, bones, joints and nerves that can develop over time, known as musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs).
HSE explained that moving and handling risks should be considered and prevented where possible at the design stage. Once on site and before work starts, employers should talk to workers about controlling existing risks to make sure that the right handling aids, equipment and training are in place to prevent MSD injuries.
HSE inspector Ian Whittles said, “How materials are moved around site and used in the construction process needs to be considered from the design stage right through to the construction stage. For example, planning for how materials are moved and handled from the point of delivery to the point of installation on all kinds of sites from small domestic projects with limited access, to large inner-city commercial sites.”